Category Archives: Reference and Education

Consciousness in Modern Physics

Consciousness in Modern Physics

Consciousness, that is our awareness of the world through our senses, is not a subject usually associated with physics. Only recently has it become acceptable to mention it because it intrudes itself into certain quantum results in a way that is both unavoidable and (so far, at least) inexplicable. This so-called “quantum enigma” invites a closer look at something as philosophical as consciousness. At the beginning of our age of science, in the seventeenth century, our awareness of the world, or our consciousness, was very much a part of what was then usually called “natural philosophy”. Its thinking went back to the Greeks, who divided the world very clearly into two realms of perception. Our world of nature, as perceived through our five senses, was the “low” world. Our consciousness, either of ourselves or of nature around us, was totally subjective and therefore unreliable. The knowledge that could be obtained by contemplation of this low world was of an equally low order. Real or true knowledge could be obtained only by contemplation of the “upper” world, which lay beyond the reach of our senses and existed quite apart from our presence in it.

To the Greeks, everything around us in nature was still full of being. It was much more alive than it is today and man was intimately connected with all kinds of natural processes and nature beings, who continued to be mentioned in tales and legends long after they had ceased to be perceived by the ordinary person. Whether all this was “really” an illusion is not the point. It was believed in, it affected people’s lives and was part of their reality, their awareness of the world, just as we today believe in quantum mechanics, although most of us have no idea how it works or even what it is.

But man was not connected only to a living nature around him then, he was also affected by forces from the stars and planets: he felt that certain plants and their planting seasons were dependent on phases of the moon, that there were intimate connections between certain metals and certain planets, gold with the sun, silver with the moon, iron with mars. lead with saturn and so on. All these connections led to certain “humors” and character characteristics, which again depended on personal factors such as the date of one’s birth and the position of the stars at that time.

All such subjective consciousness factors lasted a long time, from the ancient Greeks and right through the Middle Ages. Then came Galileo, who saw the world very differently. He no longer felt all these connections and correspondences with nature or the stars. He no longer even felt any connection between himself, the observer, and the object observed.

The effect that Galileo had on all subsequent thinking can hardly be exaggerated. With one chop of the philosophical ax he removed the entire upper world of the Greeks and also redirected the attention of science into a very narrow field, matter and motion, which he felt were the only two “qualities” of nature worthy of scientific investigation. As a result, modern physics recognizes only one reality: the awareness of the world through our five senses, that is to say the subjective consciousness which needs our presence.

This is becoming a bit awkward because the mathematical treatment of both relativity and quantum theory (especially the latter) requires many more dimensions than the three spatial and one time dimensions that we are aware of through our senses. This means that much ingenuity and effort must be devoted to devise some experimental proof, which can be perceived by our limited senses, of for instance the eleven dimensions that are required to explain string theory.

However, from the point of view of consciousness, the sudden appearance of Galileo so soon after the Middle Ages, raises the interesting question of a possible change or evolution of our consciousness in time. It is usually denied by most scientists that our consciousness itself has changed over time, only that the true and real consciousness, unencumbered by animistic, magical or religious baggage, has gradually emerged from the fog of the past.

There is some evidence that our consciousness of the world might indeed be capable of change, even in the short period of time between the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. There is the matter of perspective, for instance. For a person to think of himself as quite separate from the object he is observing, he needs to be conscious of a certain distance between himself and that object. Western art showed this distance very clearly between the Middle Ages and the Renaissance by achieving perspective. The medieval artist did not have it yet. It was invented only in the fifteenth century by Filippo Brunelleschi, the architect who designed the Duomo in Florence and who, like Galileo, was another difficult, cantankerous genius under the protection of the Medicis.

Once this cool, analytical distance between man and object had been achieved, once all interference from an unperceived upper world had been eliminated and once nature was seen as a sort of specimen on a slab, the new age of physics could begin. It went on through the Newtonian era, right up to the 1920s.

At that watershed period of physics, relativity and quantum mechanics left the investigation of the perceived objects of this world and began the investigation of other, far-off worlds in stars and galaxies beyond our unaided vision, as well as the investigation of inconceivably tiny particles, equally beyond our ordinary sight. These investigations are now beginning to approach the origins of matter and life, to the ultimate beginnings, like the Big Bang, and the limitations of our consciousness to the subjective realm of our five senses is beginning to be felt as very constricting.

Want a Nursing Degree? What You Should Know Before Applying to a Nursing School Program!

Want a Nursing Degree? What You Should Know Before Applying to a Nursing School Program!

Admission requirements for colleges vary, and so while applying for nursing school one has to be very vigilant. It depends mainly upon whether you are applying to a private school or a public institution; whether you are applying for a 2 years course or for 4 years course; and if you are applying through common application or not.

Admission requirements of an institute vary from the values and even the size of the institution. The students applying for nursing schools are generally accessed with their grades in academics, their intended major grades, class rank, personal statement, ACT or SAT marks and what the high school counselor has to say about them.

Preference to students

While applying for nursing school remember, that the institutions give preference to those students who are from the same state. Some institutes prefer SAT qualified students while some want a proof to immunization of certain diseases.

Emotional stability individuals who have the ability to make decision are preferred. They have to be physically fit and should be able to speak, read and write English in a proper manner. The colleges also check for any kind of past criminal background. Also, many students applying for nursing school get early enrollment because of their scholastic excellence in their initial high school years.

Requirements of nursing schools

Each school has certain requirements that each applicant should be able to meet. These requirements include having chemistry and biology as subjects initially. Also, the applicant should have English as his subject and should be able to manage the attendance criteria profoundly.

Armed with these facts, one can easily fill the common application for a nursing degree. The applications must be filled with the required date. When applying for nursing school, along with the application form, one has to attach high school transcripts and needs to pay a non refundable fee of application, which may anywhere between $25-30. You may also use internet services, for applying for nursing school.

Online French For Kids

Online French For Kids

A person’s interest in learning a subject, much less a language other than your own is what makes learning easy and fun.

If you want to learn other languages, like French for example then you must have a positive attitude towards everyday events, triggering your mind to become attentive. Having good attention can help you out a lot if you want to learn French.

When kids learn French it has been proven that their minds are like vacuum cleaners, ready to suck everything it encounters along the way. What we are not aware of however is how the information is collected and stored in our brains. In other words, there are ways and means how our brain can refresh what it learned several years ago. That is why learning another language is not far from impossible if our brain has this capability.

French is spoken by about 130 million people worldwide. Compared to English, French does not mention letters in a word and the pronunciation of insults. It can be very confusing to learn French as a beginner and it may also take a lot of dedication to learn. Given the differences in French and English, it can be rather difficult but not impossible for kids to learn French and soon to speak in French as a second or third language.

An efficient method for learning French and to remember the words equivalent to its interpretation in English is to use flash cards. This method is used by teachers in our school to help us remember what we need to learn. The same applies with Online French For Kids.

From Homeschooler to United States President

From Homeschooler to United States President

Do you know what do many U.S. presidents have in common except for the fact that they’ve lived in the White House and they had a family dog?  They were homeschooled. Presidents like John Adams, James Garfield, William Henry Harrison, Woodrow Wilson, George Washington, Abraham Lincoln, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison or Theodore Roosevelt received home school education in their childhood.   

While this doesn’t prove homeschooling is a system that works for everybody, at least it shows that children who are educated at home are not lost for the society. If all those children were able to develop in such personalities recognized and respected by millions of people, how can we reject this alternative educational method as being totally wrong?   

Conservative minds will try to argue by stating that homeschooling was rather the mainstream by the time those famous people lived their childhood. Indeed, there was a time in history when homeschooling was a common practice in rural areas of the United States.  

So, if something ceased being the rule, this turns it automatically into a dysfunctional system that should be stoned and eliminated from the modern society, despite the fact that it is showing excellent results? There are many homeschoolers who get higher grades at exams than the majority of their peers who attended public schools.  

The modern educational system, with children gathered together in schools appeared out of convenience, because parents needed to work in order to be able to support the family, therefore there was nobody left to educate the children. It is not better but more convenient, that’s why it gained such a momentum as to become the rule in the modern society. Homeschooling requires a big portion of the parent’s time, and this is why it is rare, because today’s world is running short on time.   

The fact that there are so many notable persons that received home education, as well as many other notabilities that went to public schools proves that great minds can and will develop and grow regardless the environment or the teaching system they’ve passed  through. Children are flexible and they will adapt and develop their skills, regardless how carefully you may select their homeschooling curriculum or how poor your teaching skills may be. If they want to learn something, they will. If not, then you have a real problem, no matter what educational system you choose as a responsible and caring parent.  

Am I Psychic? What Are the Signs of Being Psychic?

Am I Psychic? What Are the Signs of Being Psychic?

If you do not believe in people being psychic, then you need to think again. In fact, you may be psychic, you just do not realize it because you are not thinking outside of that box. Individuals are psychic in the same manner as some folks just have brown hair. You do not attend a class just to be a psychic. You do not have to go through any special training – you just are psychic. That gift, so to speak, is just there and it is not going to go away. What are the signs of being psychic?

Many times, when we tell someone we’re psychic, they just throw their hand out as if we’re going to do some palm reading. Even worse, they tell us we’re crazy. If you’ believe you are psychic, but you do not want to go through that mumble jumble of someone criticizing you and trying to put you in mental asylum, then this article is for you. If you really want to determine if you’re psychic or not, then in the next couple of paragraphs, we are going to describe some symptoms.

There are many different symptoms of being psychic. While these symptoms do not involve vomiting or anything along that line, they do involve lucid dreaming. If you dream of a person, even, number, dates or names and the dream (even if it is part of the dream) comes true, then this is a sure sign. Perhaps you have seen your friends and loved ones in your dream.

If you think of someone and that thought of the individual just will not go away and within minutes, hours or maybe even days, that individual just pops up, then this could be a symptom. Take note that this doesn’t mean a person will pop up every time you think of them. It doesn’t even mean you’re psychic if this happens, but if it keeps happening, then it’s a symptom.

When you are in crows of groups of people, you will get exhausted. When you go to a shopping mall or anywhere else that is closed in with a lot of people, you are going to feel tires. This is because you are collecting and feeling the emotions of other people. When you walk in a room, you can just sense when there is tension, delight and even upset. When you are psychic, you will not need to give it a second guess, you will just know. When you asked, “what are the signs of being psychic,” we already knew you were going to ask.

Coming Up With College Tuition Money – Balancing School Finances

Coming Up With College Tuition Money - Balancing School Finances

Being financially sound enough to afford college without any problem is a luxury that some students will never know. They may go through their college career constantly worrying about paying for school and coming up with the time to earn money necessary to attend classes and buy their books. Getting an internship is one way to go, as many students do not consider the possibility when their scholarships and grants do not add up to the price of tuition.

Letting college tuition keep them out of college is a big mistake for students who give up on trying to come up with the money needed to attend school. Some students will graduate from high school ready to enter the working world or join the military, never really intending to go to college. This is a good route to take if it is truly what they want to do. But for students who want to attend college, letting college tuition stop them from realizing their dream is a mistake that too many young people make. When students can come up with the money they need and attend school, a huge burden will be lifted off of them, allowing them to focus their attention on more important things so that their college career is successful.

Getting around financial road blocks becomes a major challenge for many students whose families cannot afford to pay for college tuition. This can be a killer for any student’s college dreams, as scholarships and grants rarely add up to enough to cover the entire cost of tuition. When students find themselves several hundred or thousand dollars short of tuition, it can be a scary prospect. Working hard all throughout high school so that they can go to a good school, many students still find themselves unable to attend because the cost of tuition is just too high. College is just out of reach for many students who deserve the chance to attend a good school and earn their degree. Stopping short of their goals should be unacceptable for these students.

Realizing their dreams of attending school can be a major accomplishment in the lives of so many students. With the burden of college tuition lifted off their shoulders, students will be able to go to college with a sense of relief. Instead of worrying about paying bills and coming up with tuition money, they will be able to sit back and relax knowing that everything is taken care of. They will then be able to focus on their studies and get good grades so that they can get a good job after graduation, or accepted into a good graduate school. When students find themselves enjoying college, their college career becomes much more successful.

Finding a college internship is a great way to earn money for college while also getting valuable work experience. Getting a taste of the real world is a major advantage for many students and it will come in handy as they go on interviews and start their new career. Getting on the path to success starts with taking advantage of opportunities as they come their way. Students who do this will find themselves much more successful than students who do not.

Car Emergency Preparedness – When the Going Gets Tough!

Car Emergency Preparedness - When the Going Gets Tough!

If you own a vehicle, as most of us do these days, it is important to keep an emergency survival kit in it at all times. It should be kept someplace where it can be easily accessed (perhaps under the front passenger seat). Since you are usually located within close proximity of your vehicle, you can easily gain immediate access to your emergency supplies in a disaster situation.

Many types of disasters can strike while you are in your car – snow or ice storms in winter, floods in spring, and hurricanes, tornadoes or lightning storms in summer and fall. Your survival will depend on how well you have prepared ahead.

Just like a home emergency survival kit, every car emergency kit should contain the basics – water, food, shelter, warmth and first aid for one person (or family) to survive for 72 hours.  Basic tools for car repair and maintenance should also be included. When you create your emergency car kit, you can personalize it to your own needs. You may need to add an extra pair of glasses, baby or pet items or prescription medications.

Your car survival kit should be in a backpack or bag small enough to fit in your car.  It should include:

o Food (granola bars, dried fruit, crackers, etc. – avoid items that will melt or spoil quickly) and water for 72 hours – keep all items well sealed

o Blankets (wool is best but if it is too itchy try a solar blanket) or a down sleeping bag

o Hat (most heat is lost through the head), scarf, mittens (best) or gloves, boots (extra clothing}

o First-aid kit – including personal medications

o AM/FM radio and extra batteries or hand crank type (no batteries required)

o Candles and waterproof matches or a lighter

o Flashlight and spare batteries or hand crank type

o Toothbrushes, toothpaste, toilet paper

o Soap and/or hand sanitizer

o Pet supplies and proper documentation (license, immunization records)

o Antifreeze to keep the gas from freezing – can also be used in place of windshield wiper fluid 

o Axe or hatchet (a hammer might also be useful)

o Compass and maps

o Type ABC fire extinguisher 

o Ice scraper, shovel, brush

o Booster or jumper cables, tow chain, traction mats

o Basic car repair kit

o Sand or salt for tire traction – kitty litter also works well

o Duct tape and knife or multi-purpose tool

o Warning lights, road flares or a strip of red cloth to tie on to the car antenna

o Cell phone

o Whistle

o Playing cards, books, games or other items that do not require batteries

You may want to add a few items to be used in case of an accident. Some extra items may include a disposable camera, and a pad of paper and pencil or pen to record the scene and any witness information.

Some personal items might also come in handy.  You might want to consider the following:

o Blush, lipstick and mascara

o Razor and shaving cream

o Sanitary napkins and/or tampons

o Hairbrush or comb

These items are not necessarily essential to your survival but they can go a long way to improving your emotional balance thus helping you to cope with a little more optimism.  Let’s face it.  The better you feel the more likely you will be able to deal with the situation.

Although it can seem like a daunting task to put a survival kit together, it can actually be a very easy and interesting project. The greatest challenge can be organizing your kit with the least amount of layout of cash.  Start by looking around your home for those items you already have.  Add a few items each week if you need to buy things.  Food and water are the most important items, followed by a blanket or sleeping bag for keeping warm.  If you are not interested in organizing your own kit, you can purchase one already made and just add any extra items you want included in your pack.

One important tip: Remember to always let someone know what time you left and what time you expect to arrive at your destination. By taking these precautions, you can prepare your family for an emergency and feel more confident as you travel.

Be Prepared – Before Disaster Strikes!

Are We Prepared to Survive a Nuclear Attack?

Are We Prepared to Survive a Nuclear Attack?

In 1945, Americans struck the island nation of Japan with two atomic bombs. There were considerable casualties and widespread destruction, but the country survived, and today there is little evidence of damage. Similarly, America will survive a nuclear attack. The total land area of Japan is 145,914 sq. mi., and the total land area of the United States (excluding Alaska, which is not worth targeting by an adversary) is 3,145,862 sq. mi. Thus, the United States is about 22 times larger than Japan. In theory, we could absorb strikes by 44 atomic bombs and fare no worse than Japan did in World War II.

Of course, this simple math is deceptive. Nowadays, countries have hundreds, even thousands of nuclear weapons in their arsenals. Israel alone has over 200 atomic devices stockpiled. Also, nuclear bombs and missile warheads nowadays have explosive force in the megaton range, whereas the devices we dropped on Japan were in the 18 to 21 kiloton range.

But the fact remains that significant numbers of Americans will survive a nuclear barrage. The new Department of Homeland Security is not able to deal with mass casualties (they tried and failed during Katrina, and that affected only one small city). Thus, recovery will fall to the military, augmented by state and local police.

Military commanders will have to move decisively to bring at least some semblance of order out of chaos. Their actions must include:

– Declare martial law, and conscript state and local police into the force structure.

– Seize food stocks, including supermarkets and warehouses.

– Seize medicine stocks, particularly antibiotics and pain killers.

– Requisition cars, trucks and vans to move forces and to collect survivors.

– Assume control of hospitals and hotels that can be used to accommodate mass casualties.

– Conscript doctors, nurses and pharmacists and assign them to hospitals or to hotel clinics.

– Military engineer units must requisition heavy equipment (bulldozers, cranes, etc.) to clear rubble.

Politicians and most other civilians in the government will have nothing to say about priorities, missions or appropriate functions on the part of the military in the aftermath of a nuclear attack. The only question that remains for the rest of us is whether or not today’s generals and colonels have the presence of mind and the courage to act decisively after a nuclear attack. Most assuredly, they cannot sit around waiting for mission orders from “higher authority” (which may no longer exist).